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An Association Loi 1901 is the term used in France for a non-profit-making organisation of two or more people. The name comes for the convention having entered into French law on 1 July 1901.
A non-profit association created in France can function without being declared. In this case it does not exist as a legal entity and falls under the collective ownership of all its members.
However, the association must be declared if a bank account is needed, if it collects membership fees or arranges fundraising, or if the members undertake any legal action or buy or sell on its behalf.
Declaration requires the following:
Note: In Alsace and Moselle, the situation is different, see below.
Declaration is free. It should be made at the Préfecture or Sous-Préfecture of the department where the association is located, or directly online
The declaration must contain the following information:
Other information which may be included:
A receipt (récépissé) of declaration is sent by the administration within 5 days.
An application form to declare the creation of the association in the Journal Officiel can be filled in at the same time as the declaration is made. Publication of the new association must appear in the Journal Officiel within a month following the declaration at the Préfecture.
There is a fee to be paid for this publication.
The structure of the management team (president, treasurer etc.) can be arranged as best suits the association - there are no rules on this - although all members must be invited to attend an Annual General Meeting held by the Association's management.
The Chèque Emploi Associatif (CEA) service can be used by registered non-profit associations in France to simplify the process of employing and paying staff. Under the CEA system, social security, pension and unemployment contributions are made to one agency, the Centre National Chèque Emploi Associatif. The service can only be used by associations which make no profit, are registered in France as an Association Loi 1901 and have a SIRET number.
Registration for the Chèque Emploi Associatif service requires a SIRET number.
The Chèque Emploi Associatif is available for non-profit associations employing people for a maximum of 14,463 hours per year. This represents 9 full time employees, but the association can split the hours between full time or part time employees.
Eligible associations may register for the Chèque Emploi Associatif service online or by post.
After registration for the service is completed, the Centre National Chèque Emploi Associatif sends a book of vouchers called the “identification du salarié”. A voucher must be completed for each salaried employee, whether new or existing, which serves as a declaration of the employee and also serves as the employment contract. Vouchers may be submitted online or sent via post.
The association is also sent, from their bank, a Chèque Emploi Associatif book, which includes:
After the employee is paid, the employer must submit the pay information to the Centre National Chèque Emploi Associatif, which will then calculate the compulsory social contributions to be made and send the payslip. Pay information can be submitted online through the CEA website.
Social security, pension and unemployment charges are levied by URSSAF each month and paid by the association by automatic bank withdrawal.
Any changes that occur in the Association must be declared at the Préfecture within 3 months. They should be noted in a register that the Association must be able to produce on request to the administrative and legal authorities.
Changes made in the Association may be published in the Journal Officiel although this is not compulsory.
There are three kinds of dissolution:
This region does not fall under the 1901 Association law. For associations with a head office in the Bas-Rhin, Haut-Rhin or Moselle, the magistrate's court is qualified to receive the inscription of an association. This must be followed by an announcement in a newspaper of legal advertisements.
The main differences from the Loi 1901 are: